New early human discovered in 130,000-year-old fossils at Israeli cement site
Researchers in Israel have discovered a previously unknown type of ancient human who coexisted with our species around 100,000 years ago.
They believe the remains discovered near Ramla are those of one of the “final survivors” of a long-extinct human race.
Tel Aviv University Professor Israel Hershkovitz, holds what scientists say are two pieces of fossilised bone of a previously unknown kind of early human discovered at the Nesher Ramla site in central Israel.
A team from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem excavated prehistoric remains near the city of Ramla that could not be matched to any known species of the Homo genus, which includes contemporary humans (Homo sapiens).
A partial skull and jaw from a person who lived between 140,000 and 120,000 years ago were discovered.
The fragments of a skull and a lower jaw with teeth were about 130,000 years old and could force a rethink of parts of the human family tree, the researchers said.
University of Tel Aviv anthropologists and archaeologists led by Yossi Zaidner called the discovery the “Nesher Ramla Homo type” after the place where the bones were discovered in a paper published in the journal Science.
“At the same time, this type of Homo is very unlike modern humans — displaying a completely different skull structure, no chin, and very large teeth.”
Along with the human remains, the dig uncovered large quantities of animal bones as well as stone tools.
“The archaeological finds associated with human fossils show that ‘Nesher Ramla Homo’ possessed advanced stone-tool production technologies and most likely interacted with the local Homo sapiens,” archaeologist Zaidner said.
“We had never imagined that alongside Homo sapiens, archaic Homo roamed the area so late in human history”.
The researchers believe that early Nesher Ramla Homo group members were already present in the Near East 400,000 years ago.
The new discoveries bear resemblances to ancient “pre-Neanderthal” European populations, according to the researchers.